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Τμήμα Οργάνωσης και Διοίκησης Επιχειρήσεων - Οικονομικό Πανεπιστήμιο Αθηνών

Δευτέρα, 29 Οκτωβρίου 2018 00:00

Δύο νέα άρθρα από το μέλος του εργαστηρίου Δ. Μανωλόπουλο

 

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Resources, home institutional context and SMEs’ exporting: Direct relationships and contingency effects

Συγγραφείς: Manolopoulos D., Chatzopoulou, E. and Kottaridi, C.

Περιοδικό: International Business Review (2018) 27: 993-1006

Abstract:

Research highlights the role of resources in SMEs’ exporting but is less forthcoming with respect to entrepreneurial perceptions of home institutional quality. Drawing on institution-based lenses, we distinguish among formal, informal, and regulatory institutions, which in concert with firm resources are expected to influence SMEs’ export behavior. Our predictions are tested on a sample of 150 firms located in Greece. The analysis of direct relationships shows that formal and informal institutional dimensions affect significantly, but differently, SMEs’ export activity. The analysis of interaction effects demonstrates that resource decisions for exporting are contingent upon entrepreneurial perceptions of the home institutional context, such that SMEs respond to formal and informal domestic institutional weaknesses by intensifying resource allocations to fuel export sales. In an opposite direction, export regulatory complexity reverses the positive resources-exporting link. These findings suggest the importance of home institutions in the exporting field.

Escapism FDI from developed economies: The role of regulatory context and corporate taxation

Συγγραφείς: Kottaridi, C., Giakoulas, D. and Manolopoulos D.

Περιοδικό: International Business Review (2019) 28: 36-47

Abstract:

In this paper, we extend the conceptualisation of escapism Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) holding for emerging economies to developed economies that face specific institutional failures, such as weak or incomplete regulations, along with high taxation. We combine this literature with the recent development of Dunning’s eclectic paradigm, which includes institutional aspects regarding location factors. We argue that in developed economies with problematic regulations and high taxation, sound institutions and lower tax rates abroad are extremely significant for domestic firms’ internationalisation. A central result regards the moderating effect of host regulatory quality on taxation, which highlights the crucial role of institutions for firms originating in developed economies that lack sound institutions. Additionally, the results challenge the available theorising and evidence on the moderating role of institutions in the prior experience of a firm at a location. We instead provide evidence that once firms establish a subsidiary abroad, they acquire substantial knowledge about the host institutional environment, which translates into an Ot advantage, providing an additional motive for further expansion. This work uses a unique database of the total population of Greek MNEs – released for the first time – for an extended time period, 2001–2010. The results could be generalised to similar developed economies facing analogous regulatory failures and high taxation, such as the southern European Union countries, as well as even for northern European Union countries, such as Germany, according to Bundesbank’s report.

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ΣΧΕΤΙΚΑ ΜΕ ΕΜΑΣ

Το εργαστήριο Επιχειρησιακής Στρατηγικής (Laboratory of Business Strategy – LBS) ιδρύθηκε το 2004 με σκοπό την προώθηση της έρευνας σε θέματα που αφορούν το ευρύτερο αντικείμενο της στρατηγικής και της Διοίκησης των επιχειρήσεων.

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